Federal poverty levels are used to determine eligibility for certain federal programs, including Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Learn about the 2018 federal poverty guidelines for people living in the 48 contiguous states or the District of Columbia, as well as Alaska and Hawaii.
Income, Poverty, and Health Inequality. Dave A. Chokshi, MD, MSc 1. Author Affiliations Article Information. 1 Chief population health officer of New York City Health + Hospitals, and clinical associate professor of population health and medicine at the New York University School of Medicine.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money. Poverty is a multifaceted concept, which may include social, economic, and political elements.
The 2018 federal poverty level (FPL) income numbers below are used to calculate eligibility for Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). 2017 numbers are slightly lower, and are used to calculate savings on Marketplace insurance plans for 2018.
The January 2018 poverty guidelines are calculated by taking the 2016 Census Bureau’s poverty thresholds and adjusting them for price changes between 2016 and 2017 using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U).
In pure economic terms, income poverty is when a family's income fails to meet a federally established threshold that differs across countries. Typically it is measured with respect to families and not the individual, and is adjusted for the number of persons in a family.
Form I-864P, 2018 HHS Poverty Guidelines for Affidavit of Support This information is used to determine the minimum income requirement needed to sponsor most family-based immigrants and some employment-based immigrants to show that they have adequate means of financial support and are not likely to rely on the U.S. government for financial support.
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